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景观设计

来源:未知发布时间:2013-01-06浏览次数:评估答疑
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  美国大学中,景观设计学包含两个专业方向,即景观规划(landscape planning)和景观设计(landscape design)。景观设计学与建筑学、城市规划、环境艺术、市政工程设计等学科有紧密的联系,而景观设计学所关注的问题是土地和人类产外空间的问题(仅这一点就有别于建筑学)它与现代意义上的城市规划的主要区别在于景观设计学是物质空间的规划和设计,包括城市与区域的物质空间规划设计,而城市规划更主要关注社会经济和城市总体发展计划。

  美国的景观设计专业学习的主要课程包括:景观设计基础课程、景观设计案例分析、生态学、景观设计植物学研究、可持续景观和城市、环境设计的计算机知识、景观设计的绘画知识等等。

  美国大学景观设计专业硕士课程一般是一年半到三年,有专业背景一般一年半至两年可以毕业,无专业背景则需要三年,有的学校会有先修课程的要求。也有的学校有偏向于管理的景观设计课程,录取时更看重工作经验,如University of Florida,University of Texas Austin等。

  景观设计专业一般都是划分在建筑艺术系下面,比较偏重于设计类。该专业对于成绩没有什么特殊的要求,一般GPA>3.0, IBT>80, GRE>1100基本上就可以申请了。而作品集(portfolio)则是申请材料中的重中之重,作品集是申请者将自己过去的经历,如所做的项目,参加的比赛等浓缩成精华放在上面的工具,录取委员会通过作品集去审查申请者具备怎样的设计思路,是否有过硬基本功等等。从历年的申请情况来看,作品集会在申请过程当中起到很大的作用。有时候学生的GPA,G/T都不出众,甚至不能达到学校最低要求,但是因为学生提供了比较好的作品集而拿到过录取。如果是其他专业的学生想要转到景观设计,那作品集将会极大程度上影响最后录取的发放。

  在美国,景观设计专业有专业的机构认证,即由美国景观设计学会(American Society of Landscape Architecture,简称ASLA,网址:www.asla.org )权威认证。目前经该机构认证的美国学校共有68所,其中18所只提供学士学位课程:

  Auburn University (master's program only)

  Arizona State University (bachelor's and a new master's program)

  University of Arizona (master's program only)

  University of Arkansas (bachelor's program only)

  Ball State University

  Boston Architectural College (BLA + MLA)

  California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo (bachelor's program only)

  California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

  University of California, Berkeley

  University of California, Davis (bachelor's program only)

  Chatham University (master's program only)

  City College of New York (bachelor's and a new master's program)

  Clemson University

  Colorado State University (bachelor's program, master's program introduced 2010)

  University of Colorado Denver (master's program only)

  University of Connecticut (bachelor's program only)

  Cornell University (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences) (B.S. & M.L.A.)

  University of Florida

  Florida A&M University (master's program only)

  Florida International University (FIU School of Architecture)

  University of Georgia (College of Environment & Design)

  Harvard University (master's program only)

  University of Idaho (bachelor's program only)

  University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

  Illinois Institute of Technology

  Iowa State University

  Kansas State University

  University of Kentucky (bachelor's program only)

  Louisiana State University

  University of Maryland, College Park

  University of Massachusetts Amherst

  Michigan State University (bachelor's program only)

  University of Michigan (master's program only)

  University of Minnesota (master's program only)

  Mississippi State University

  Morgan State University (master's program only)

  University of Nebraska at Lincoln

  University of Nevada, Las Vegas (bachelor's program only)

  New School of Architecture and Design, San Diego

  University of New Mexico (master's program only)

  North Carolina A&T State University (bachelor's program only)

  North Carolina State University

  North Dakota State University (bachelor's program only)

  Ohio State University

  Oklahoma State University (bachelor's program only)

  University of Oklahoma (master's program only)

  University of Oregon (B.L.A & M.L.A.)

  University of Pennsylvania (master's program only)

  Pennsylvania State University (bachelor's program only)

  Purdue University (bachelor's program only)

  University of Rhode Island (bachelor's program only)

  Rhode Island School of Design

  Rutgers University (bachelor's program only)

  State University of New York - Environmental Science and Forestry (BLA + MLA)

  Temple University (bachelor's program only)

  Texas A&M University

  Texas Tech University

  University of Tennessee at Knoxville (master's program only)

  University of Texas at Arlington (master's program only)

  University of Texas at Austin (master's program only)

  Utah State University

  Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

  University of Virginia (master's program only)

  Washington State University (accredited BLA, and MSLA program)

  Washington University in St. Louis (master's program only)

  University of Washington

  West Virginia University (bachelor's program only)

  University of Wisconsin–Madison (bachelor's program only)

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